Currently the conference programme includes the following topics:
The conference programme consists of plenary sessions and parallel working group sessions. The working groups provide an opportunity for the conference participants to present their research projects and discuss them with the other participants. Each working group has a specific theme and a chair. A presentation in a working group requires submitting the abstract of it by August 7 (submit your abstract).
The conference programme includes working groups in the following topics:
- Nordic Police Education in Historical Perspective
- Nordic Police Education in Comparative Perspectives (RECPOL-project)
- The Making of Modern Police Officer: New Competencies
- Research-Based Police Education
- Leader Education for Law Enforcement
- Enhancing Situational Awareness at the Police Education
Expertise at Police Work
- Theories of Expertise and Police Work
- Professional Resilience and Efficiency
- Stress and Sustainable Police Work
- Tackling Organized Crime – from Strategic to Operational
Future Challenges at Policing
- Flows of Knowledge through Digitalized Police Practices
- Policing Cyberspace
- Innovativeness in the Police
- Ethics and Corruption
Please note that the list of topics is an initial one. It is unlikely that they all will come true. At least four presentations will be required for the establishment of a working group. However, when necessary, we shall regroup the topics and introduce news ones too.
We have also a poster session in the Conference programme on Tuesday September 29, 2020 at 2.45-3.30 pm. If you want to present your poster at the conference, please submit your abstract by August 7, 2020 (submit your abstract).
The History of Nordic Police Education
Chair: Hjørdis Birgitte Ellefsen, Norwegian Police University College
This working group explores the conditions under which police education have been established, transformed, facilitated and regulated by and for various stakeholders in the Nordic region. This working group invites presentations focusing on for example the following topics: Regulations and politics of police education as a multidisciplinary field, challenges connected to the development from vocational to professional education, educational content, recruitment policies, students’ background, teachers’ background, and the implication of the education for police and society.
The Making of a Police Officer: Comparative Perspectives on Police Education and Recruitment (RECPOL-project)
Chair: Marie-Louise Damen and Tore Bjørgo, Norwegian Police University College
Does a more academic type of police education produce new police officers that are reluctant to patrol the streets? What is the impact of gender diversity and political orientation on a police students’ career aspirations and attitudes to policing? These are some of the questions addressed by a longitudinal research project called RECPOL, following police students in seven European countries. The unique data material makes it possible to explore a wide range of topics relevant to the future development of policing, police education, and police science more generally. This working group presents and discusses the overarching results of this project that are now gathered and published in a book.
Police Education: New Competencies Necessary for Modern Police Officer
Chair: Aurelija Puraite, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
Societies are changing and crimes and threats are becoming more complex. Well-educated and trained police officers are more skilled and used to solving problems, thinking creatively, and exhibiting open-mindedness. This working group explores new competencies necessary for future police officers. Presentations focusing on for example the following areas are warmly invited: Innovative teaching styles, modern learning technologies, preparing students for changing societies, police training infrastructure,
Police Education, Learning Environment and Students: How a Research Group Contributes to Research-based Police Education
Chair: Marie-Louise Damen, Norwegian Police University College
In 2018 the Norwegian Police University College started a research group about police education, learning environment and students (PULS) in order to contribute to research based police education. PULS’ research seminars function as a meeting point between researchers, policy makers and practitioners who use police education research as a knowledge base in their work. The research group does not focus on one specific research project, nor on one specific police educational program alone. We organize research seminars to discuss our own and others research about police education, learning environment and students. In this working group we would like to present some of our research projects and discuss how a research group like this can contribute to the quality of research based police education. Presentations of this working group will explore for example the following projects and themes: police education, student satisfaction and perceived learning outcomes, history of psychology at the police college, connecting theory and practice in police education: police educators’ planning and facilitation for coherence and relevance, the application of sociological theory in operative police work and learning outcomes in online studies.
Education of Leader’s Skills in Law Enforcement: New Strategies and Methods
Chair: Aurelija Puraite, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
Law enforcement as a profession is constantly changing and evolving because of an increasing array of social, technological and other challenges faced by police organizations. Such ongoing change have significant implications for police leaders. Leadership potential can be developed through education and continuous training as well as through practical work experience and mentorship. This working group explores the methods and new strategies to educate leader’s skills in law enforcement. Possible topics include, but are not limited to: Leadership training and educational programs within policing, models for developing police leadership, what makes an effective law enforcement leader, organizational law enforcement leadership.
Pedagogical Approaches to Training Situational Awareness for Police
Chairs: Juha-Matti Huhta & Paula M. Di Nota, Police University College, Finland & University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada
There is currently no existing professional standard or guideline for teaching situational awareness to police. The purpose of this working group is to:
– Identify key dimensions of situational awareness, including (but not limited to): perception, attention, critical decision-making, and tactical behaviors and skills.
– Discuss the most effective method to train SA, considering potential resource-based limitations of individual agencies (e.g., facilities, funding, personnel, equipment). Possible pedagogical approaches may include narrative stories (i.e., lived experiences), live scenario-based training, presenting pictures or audio with first-person narrative stories, visualization and mental imagery simulations.
– Present research evidence comparing novice and experienced police officers to derive best practices for SA and develop effective training methods and tools to increase expertise.
The ultimate goal of this working group is to identify a universal standard of competencies, skills, and knowledge to enhance SA training and evaluation practices that promote officer and public safety.
Theories of Expertise and Police Work
Chair: To be named later
Expertise is one of the defining characteristics of a profession. Expertise means the ability to master particular skills and apply them, which is acquired by education, practice and experience. This working group explores for example what expertise means in police work, how expertise could be developed across different fields of policing, what kind of practice and actions are required to develop expertise, how development of expertise can be measured.
Professional resilience and efficiency
Chair: To be named later
Police needs reservoir of resilience and it is a core competency for stress management. Professional resilience means our individual capacity to thrive in situations of high demand and ongoing pressure. Being resilient also means the ability to recover from significant challenges, difficulties and setbacks and then use these for learning and personal growth in your work. But which are the capabilities and skills that contribute to it? This working group will discuss different themes of professional resilience.
Stress and sustainable police work—why social support and leadership matter
Chairs: Brita Bjørkelo, Norwegian Police University College and Eva Langvik, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
High-risk organisations such as the police are described by stressful work tasks and workplaces, as well as stressors on an individual and organisational level. The theme of this working group is highly important within policing, police organisation and police work. Despite the importance, it may not necessarily be well covered in police education. The presentations of this working group will include new studies on police stress measures, leadership, wellbeing and mental health.
Tackling Organized Crime – from Strategic to Operational
Chair: To be named layer, Research Initiative on Organised Crime, RIOC
Transnational organised crime (OC) is a major threat to international security and stability as well as domestic and global economies. When tackling OC, the focus is not on specific type of crime, but it is about criminality ranging from drug trafficking to serious violent crimes being committed systematically and within criminal structures. Recently, on 19 July 2019, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 2482 on the linkages between international terrorism and transnational organised crime calls for the broadest possible international cooperation. This creates a need to consider the international cooperation skills that are required to further the resolution’s agenda. As police training ranges from tactical to operational whilst also including strategic level, the scope of police training and education is wide. Thus, this working group invites papers related to organised crime from different perspectives and/or international cooperation and capacity building thematic in order to explore the tackling of the phenomena.
A Matter of Facts: Flows of Knowledge through Digitalized Police Practices
Chairs: Guro Flinterud, Jenny Lundgaard and Kira Vrist Rønn, Norwegian Police University College
Digitalization plays a major role in police work as a key process both for fighting and preventing crime and increasing efficiency of police work. Digital tools are presented as the solution to a host of challenges, yet what is missing from these reports are reflections on how digitalization might affect practice on a more general level. The theme of this working group is centred on how processes of digitalization and knowledge-based policing are authorizing processes that make police information appear as truths, obscuring the cultural elements such as habit, prejudice and value that underpin all such processes. The topic is highly important as digitalisation is a growing part of society, public sector as well as police work particularly. Presentations of this working group will present new studies on the increased use of police registries, databases, software for analysing big data, and the use of social media to communicate with the public.
Policing and Police Work in Cyberspace
Chair: Anna Leppänen, Police University College, Finland
Increasing amount of crimes occurs in cyberspace. However, the police is only one – even a relative small – actor among many others policing the cyberspace. This panel focuses on different aspects of policing and police work in cyberspace. For example, we welcome papers which relate to online surveillance, cybercrime investigation, and cybercrimes in general. Furthermore, best practices in cybercrime prevention or applications of rarely used research methodologies are highly valued. The perspective of policing in cyberspace does not limit only to security authorities, but also e.g. citizen vigilantism or collaboration between public and private organisations may be forms of it.
Innovativeness in the Police & Policing
Chair: Vesa Huotari, Police University College, Finland
How does the police and policing appear when approached from the point of view of innovativeness and innovations? If we think of innovative organisations, the police, like the church, is unlikely to make it into that list. What it is that gives the police its conservative outlook, if not its character? What is it like for an innovative person to work in an environment that, possibly, suspects or abhors everything unforeseen or novel? All analyses and deliberations enlightening this theme and the dynamics related to innovativeness in the police are most welcome. There is a close connection between this working group and a forthcoming book project (in English) on this very theme. If interested, step forward and be in contact, please.
Ethics and Corruption
Chair: To be named later
Considering what is corruption, it can be considered to be bribery or embezzlement of public funds. With these definitions it can be easy to call corruption a criminal act. However, using one’s influence to further their relatives’ agenda, is already harder to categorise as criminal activity whilst it still can be considered corruption. Thus, it is necessary to consider corruption in the context of ethics to be able to explore a wider range of activities to get a better understanding of what corruption is. This working group invites papers on questions of ethics and crime which have an intertwined nature and/or that situate in the ‘grey zone’ between legal and criminal.